Suicide Rates and Spirit Consumption in Russia Print

Psychiatr Danub. 2011 Dec;23(4):378-83.
The effects of beverage type on suicide rate in Russia.
Razvodovsky YE.
Source
Grodno State Medical University, 230009, Grodno, str. Gorky 80, Belarus. This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it
Abstract
BACKGROUND:
Research evidence has suggested that the consumption of different types of alcoholic beverage may have a differential effect on suicide rate. The aim of this study was to examine the relation between the consumption of different beverage types and suicide rates in Russia.
SUBJECTS AND METHODS:
Age-standardized sex- and age-specific suicide rate for the period 1980-2005 and data on beverage-specific alcohol sale were obtained from the Russian State Statistical Committee. Time-series analytical modeling techniques (ARIMA) were used to examine the relationship between the sale of different alcoholic beverages and suicide rates.
RESULTS:
Vodka consumption as measured by sale was significantly associated with both male and female suicide rate. The consumption of beer and wine were not associated with suicide rate. The estimates of the age specific models for men were positive (except for the 75+ age group) and ranging from 0.069 (60-74 age group) to 0.123 (30-44 age group). The estimates for women were positive for the 15-29 age group (0.08), 30-44 age group (0.096) and 45-59 age group (0.057).
CONCLUSIONS:
These findings suggest that public health efforts should focus on both reducing overall consumption and changing beverage preference away from distilled spirits in order to reduce suicide rate in Russia.